The Gomel region is one of the 6 administrative regions (or oblasts) which make up Belarus. Gomel is located in the south-eastern corner of the country
The Gomel region of Belarus borders Russia in the east and the Ukraine in the south. Around a third of the region is agricultural land. The main religion is Orthodox Christianity.
Towns and cities in the Gomel region
Gomel is the main city in the region, which is divided into 4 districts. The Gomel region is divided into 21 districts and there are 17 cities, 18 towns and 2608 villages.
During the Great Patriotic War the Nazis set up a concentration camp for children aged between 8 and 14. The children were taken to Germany as blood-donors for injured soldiers. All in all, nearly 2,000 children were taken outside the country for these purposes.
Transport links in the Gomel region
The Gomel region has a good road infrastructure with major international motorways between Russia, Europe and the Ukraine running through the region.
The Gomel region has an extensive rail network, with 90% of the country's rail freight and 50% of passenger traffic running through the region.
The River Dnieper and its tributaries run from north to south and spans 420 km. Inflows of the Dnieper and Pripyat rivers are used for both passenger and shipping and are of great value to the region. The Gomel region also boasts numerous lakes and extensive canal systems. There are airports at Gomel and Mozyr.
Culture and media in the Gomel region
There are a number of archaeological, historical, cultural and architectural monuments, as well as 26 museums, 4 theatres and 2 art galleries in the Gomel region.
Gomel Palace & Park Ensemble is one of the oldest and famous museums. The Rumyantsev-Paskevich Residence is the main historical and cultural site of Gomel Palace and Park Ensemble. The ensemble is an architectural monument of the late18th― early19th century.
There are various festivals of arts – regional, republican and international levels in the region.
In 2011 Gomel became the Belarus and CIS Capital of Culture. These statuses underline the high level of Gomel achievements in cultural sphere.
The Gomel region has 70 state newspapers and magazines, together with long-established regional television and radio stations.
During the American Revolution (1776-1783) Tadeusz Kosciuszko was an associate of the US founder George Washington and the national hero of France La Fayette. In 1794 he led an uprising in Rzeczpospolita. He received cooperation offers from French Emperor Napoleon I and Russian Tsar Alexander I, but refused them